» Federal Violations and Crimes

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What to Expect in a Federal Criminal Case

Facing criminal charges in federal court is intimidating and scary. Any criminal case, and a federal criminal case, in particular, is complicated. It can be helpful and reassuring to understand how a criminal case works, and what to expect. If you be… Read More
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BitMex: Inadequate Anti-Money Laundering Program

On October 1, 2020, federal prosecutors filed criminal charges against the founders of BitMex, an offshore cryptocurrency derivatives exchange. BitMex executives are charged with violating the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) and conspiring to violate the BSA… Read More
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An Analysis: SEC 2020 Financial Fraud Actions

On September 30, 2020, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) closed its books on FY2020 and, on November 2, released its 2020 Annual Report. Analysts have begun reviewing SEC enforcement actions to reach conclusions about the types of financia… Read More
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cryptocurrency on a tablet

U.S. DOJ’s Cyber-Digital Task Force Issues Crypto Guidance

On October 8, 2020, the United States Department of Justice’s (DOJ) Cyber-Digital Task Force released new cryptocurrency guidelines. The 83 page report, entitled “Cryptocurrency: An Enforcement Framework” identifies cryptocurrency users’ lega… Read More
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Third Circuit Vacates Sentence of Former Vanguard Employee Accused of Money Laundering, Mail Fraud, and Tax Evasion

Scott Capps, a former employee of The Vanguard Group, pled guilty to conspiracy to commit mail fraud, money laundering, and tax evasion in March of 2019. He also admitted to filing false tax returns in 2013 and 2014 to cover up the scheme. By challen… Read More
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Drug Quantity Proof / Evidence at Sentencing

In United States v. Rowe, No. 18-1192 (Apr. 2, 2019), the Third Circuit vacated the defendant’s conviction for distribution and possession with intent to distribute 1,000 grams of heroin because the government failed to prove that he distribute… Read More
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Supreme Court Holds That Guilty Plea Does Not Bar Legal Challenge to Constitutionality of Statute of Conviction on Appeal

The Supreme Court recently held that a guilty plea does not bar a federal criminal defendant from challenging the constitutionality of the statute of conviction on direct appeal. In Class v. United States, No. 16-424, _U.S._, 2018 WL 987347 (February… Read More
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Proposed Amendments To Federal Sentencing Guidelines

In December, 2016, the United States Sentencing Commission proposed certain amendments to the federal sentencing guidelines that would be helpful for first offenders in that a 1-2 point reduction in the sentencing guidelines has been proposed. Part A… Read More
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Bribery - Law Offices of Hope C. Lefeber

Supreme Court Rules Against Expanded Use of Federal Bribery Laws

The misuse of the power in the context of our criminal system can have a serious impact on individuals facing charges. Overzealous prosecutors may take a simple criminal statute and begin applying it in a much broader context, in essence creating cri… Read More
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Bank - Law Offices of Hope C. Lefeber

Supreme Court Will Decide Required Criminal Intent for Federal Bank Fraud Crime

A divide in the law on bank fraud may soon be resolved. The United States Supreme Court recently decided it would hear the case of Shaw v. United States in its upcoming October term. The case presents the court with a question that has divided lower… Read More
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